• Tue. Aug 9th, 2022

Legal Regulation Fundamentals

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Whoever with out authorization manufactures, procures, sells or lands means of producing false marks of labelling, in addition to false measures and weights, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period not exceeding three years. The punishment referred to in paragraph 1 of this text shall be imposed additionally on a person who falsifies measures or weights. Whoever, with intent to use them as genuine, manufactures any false marks of labelling domestic or overseas goods, seals or stamps for earmarking gold, silver, cattle, wooden or another items, or whoever alters such genuine marks, or makes use of the false marks as real, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding three months however not exceeding five years. Whoever manufactures, procures, sells or lends the instruments to be used within the forgery of money or representatives of value or papers of value issued on the basis of a federal regulation, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding six months but not exceeding 5 years. If there has been or might have been an upset in the nation’s economy as a result of an act referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than five years or a time period of 20 years. Whoever puts into circulation cast cash obtained by him as genuine, or who has knowledge of a forged money being made or put into circulation, and fails to report it, shall be punished by a fantastic or imprisonment for a time period not exceeding one year. If there has been or might need been an upset within the national economic system on account of an act referred to in paragraphs 1 and a couple of of this article, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for not lower than five years or for a term of 20 years.

Whoever causes an explosion, fireplace or take some other usually harmful action out of hostile motives against the SFRJ, or commits an act of violence which may create a sense of personal insecurity in residents or a in a gaggle of citizens, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 5 years. Whoever abducts an individual, or commits other violence against another person, or destroys property of a large worth out of hostile motives against the SFRJ, shall be punished by imprisonment for not lower than five years. A citizen of the SFRJ who commits the act referred to in paragraph 1 of this article with an intent to assist the enemy, shall be punished by imprisonment for not lower than five years. When an official or a army particular person has been accused of committing sure criminal acts, persons referred to in paragraphs four and 5 of this text may be the perpetrators of these acts supplied it doesn’t follow from traits of a specific act or particular prescript that their perpetrator might solely make sure of the desired individuals. The term “Yugoslav criminal law” understands all legal justice provisions set forth within the legal guidelines of the federation, republics and autonomous provinces. Provisions on instructional measures and punishment of juveniles, that are in pressure within the place where a person who has dedicated a legal act is tried, apply when a juvenile or an grownup who was juvenile on the time of the commission of a felony act is tried for a felony act defined within the federal felony code, and in criminal codes of republics and autonomous provinces.

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A navy conscript who with out justifiable purpose refuses to accept arms from the competent physique, which have been assigned to him in relation along with his service as a reservist in the armed forces, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding three years. The punishment of confiscation of property could also be imposed on a perpetrator of any criminal act referred to in Article 174, paragraph four, Article a hundred seventy five, paragraph 2, Article 176, paragraph 2, Article 177, Article 179, paragraphs 1 and 2, Article 181, paragraph 2, and Article 183, paragraph 2 of this legislation. The punishment referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be imposed on an official who permits an uninvited individual to have information of a conversation or a statement that was tapped or recorded without authorization. An official who, within the discharge of his duties and by the use of special units, without authorization faucets or records a conversation or a statement which he was not supposed to hear, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding three years. If the extraction of the testament or assertion has been was accompanied by grave violence, or if, in the middle of legal proceedings, the defendant suffered particularly grave penalties as a result of the statement made under duress, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for not lower than one year. If the demise of the person who had been unlawfully disadvantaged of liberty was caused by advantage of the imprisonment, the offender shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than three years. The punishment referred to in paragraph 1 of this text shall be imposed on an official who, benefiting from his official position, affect a self-managing body to conceal a legal act prosecutable beneath official duty, or an economic offence committed in a company of associated labour, one other self-managing organization, grouping or state physique, and when on account of that the felony act or financial offence just isn’t reported.

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A military one that escapes abroad or stays abroad so as to evade service within the armed forces, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than one year. The punishment referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be imposed on a navy one who, with out authorization, has been outdoors his unit or service more than two occasions for a interval of less than five days, in addition to a military one who arbitrarily abandons his unit or service through the execution of an important mission or increased level of combat readiness of his unit. Whoever, for the purpose of evading navy service or being assigned to a neater obligation, maims or in any other case quickly disables himself or permits another to briefly disable him for army service, as well as whoever for a similar purpose temporarily disables one other with or with out his approval, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding three months but not exceeding five years. Whoever escapes overseas or without authority remains abroad with a view to evading the recruitment, statutory obligation as to military service, drill or another navy responsibility, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding one year but not exceeding 10 years. The organizer of the offence underneath paragraph 2 of this text, or the military superior who has in any method participated within the fee of an offence beneath paragraphs 1 and a couple of of this article, shall be punished by imprisonment for not lower than three years.

Whoever brings into derision the Organization of the United Nations, International Red Cross or different international group recognized by the SFRJ, or its representatives, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months however not exceeding three years. Whoever brings into derision a international state, its flag, coat of arms or nationwide anthem, or the international head of state or a diplomatic consultant of a overseas state within the SFRJ, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding three months but not exceeding three years. Whoever brings into derision the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, its flag, coat of arms or nationwide anthem, its highest authorities or representatives thereof, its armed forces or the supreme commander, shall be punished by imprisonment for a term exceeding three months but not exceeding three years. Whoever spreads ideas on the superiority of one race over another, or advocates racial hatred, or instigates racial discrimination, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding three months however not exceeding three years. Whoever misuses or carries with out authorization the flag or emblem of the Organization of the United Nations, or the emblem or flag of the Red Cross, or symbols similar to them, or any other international symbols acknowledged for the protection of certain objects from military operations, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period not exceeding three years. Whoever calls on or instigates an aggressive war, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding one yr however not exceeding 10 years. Whoever in time of warfare or armed battle destroys cultural or historical monuments, buildings or institutions dedicated to for science, art, schooling or humanitarian functions in violation of the principles of international law, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than one 12 months.

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A punishment set forth in paragraph 1 of this text shall be imposed on a person who in a corporation of related labour, another self-managing organization or grouping by unwarranted hoarding of goods or their withdrawal from the circulation causes upset available on the market. Whoever denies or restricts a citizen’s right to free employment in the whole territory of the SFRJ beneath equal circumstances efficient within the place of employment, shall be punished by imprisonment for a time period exceeding six months but not exceeding five years.